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Full text of "The Fate Of Man In The Modern World"

A JUDGMENT ON  HISTORY—THE WAR         9

takes place escapes man's comprehension.   His-
tory has never limited itself in the means with
which it operates; it has used any and all means
to attain its ends, ends which often remain quite
incomprehensible to man, and incommensurate
with his own fate.   Hegel spoke of the clever-
ness of the spirit of history, a cleverness which
deceives man for the purpose of gaining its own
ends.   It may be said that in fact the subject
of history is not man, not even mankind, but
a non-human reason or  spirit which in  the
teaching of Marx is transformed into non-human
economics.   Marx showed how men are material-
ized and dehumanized in a capitalist society.
History has always worked for the general or
universal, rather than for the private or indi-
vidual.   One might say, paradoxically, that man
has shown great unselfishness in consenting to
history*   Perhaps, on the other hand, man was
seeking his own interest when he accepted the
way of history, but history deceived him, using
man's self-seeking as a means to attain quite
non-human  goals.   The  cunning  of history,
against which the living personality rebels!  Man
has always been suppressed by history.   History
was man's destiny, but that destiny never inter-^
ested history.   The incommensurability betweeii
history and individual destinies is a tragedy un-
solvable within history, a tragedy which demands